If individuals who received witness protection (and secret handling of their data) during criminal proceedings are then deprived of such protection when called as witnesses in civil proceedings arising from damages for a criminal act, this violates the prohibition against discrimination.

The protection of children’s health and the protection against contagious diseases justify compulsory vaccination for certain age groups from a constitutional perspective.

The Constitutional Court identified an unconstitutional omission to legislate, as there was no provision within legislation as to how long the result of a decisive national referendum binds Parliament. Neither was there any provision for amending a statute enacted or confirmed as a result of the referendum or a statute confirmed by the referendum. Parliament had also failed to deal with the possibility of initiating a further referendum on the same question.

Legislation which allows for detention for seventy two hours for a minor offence, with no legal remedy available, is incompatible with the guarantees contained in the Hungarian Constitution.

The Hungarian law on electoral procedure prevents the publication of public opinion polls for an eight day period before the elections. This was held to be a disproportionate restriction on the right to free expression.

The use of secret data collection poses a serious interference with individual life and liberty. It should, accordingly, only be carried out in exceptional circumstances, on a temporary basis and as a last resort. More stringent regulation is needed of such secret methods than is needed for public procedures.

The Hungarian Constitution requires the Complaints Committee to carry out an assessment as to whether balanced information is being provided in the programmes being broadcasted.