Organisation22 May 2017
The Organisation and the Structure of the Court
The Constitutional Court is the principal organ for the protection of the Fundamental Law. Its tasks are to protect the democratic State governed by the rule of law, the constitutional order and the rights guaranteed by the Fundamental Law; to safeguard the inner coherence of the legal system and to foster the principle of the division of powers.
The basic rules concerning the function of the Court are set in the Fundamental Law and the main regulations on the structure and procedure are determined by the Act on the Constitutional Court (hereinafter: ACC). The detailed regulations are set by the Constitutional Court in the Rules of Procedure. The Court itself regulated the detailed provisions on the rules of procedure in a plenary decision [1/2012 (I. 3.)].
The fifteen members of the Court are elected by the Parliament with qualified majority (the vote of two-thirds of all representatives) for a term of twelve years. The President of the Court is elected by the Parliament. The judges elect the Vice President from among themselves. The President’s activity of coordination and representation does not affect the independence of the judges.
The Court adopts its decisions in plenary sessions, in five-member-panels or as a single judge. According to the Rules of Procedure of the Court, three-member panels may also be set up. The plenary session decides on the constitutionality of Acts of Parliament and in all other cases as specified by the Rules of Procedure.
The Office of the Constitutional Court helps the Court in performing its functions. It is in charge of managing the Constitutional Court’s administrative tasks, it handles organisational-operational tasks, case administration and tasks related to the preparation of decisions.